Posts in Thoracic trauma
Pericardial Decompression - Resuscitative Thoracotomy

Most fatalities from blunt or penetrating cardiac injuries occur prior to hospital arrival. The main reversible pathology is acute cardiac tamponade, which may be present without external signs of injury, abnormal clinical signs, or ECG abnormalities. The cause of the tamponade is usually a laceration to a low-pressure cardiac cavity. In recent years the widespread use of ultrasound in the initial assessment of severely injured patients has facilitated the early diagnosis of cardiac tamponade and associated cardiac injuries.

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Pleural Decompression & Drainage

Pleural decompression with subsequent tube thoracostomy is one of the most commonly performed life-saving procedures for traumatic chest injuries. Thoracic injuries are primarily responsible for 25% of all trauma deaths and contribute to a further 25% of deaths. However, over 85% of patients with thoracic trauma do not require thoracic surgery.

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